J Dentofacial Anom Orthod
Volume 19, Number 4, 2016
|Number of page(s)||22|
|Published online||03 December 2018|
3D cephalometry and artificial intelligence
DFO Specialist, University Lecturer and Hospital Practitioner, Private Practice
2 DFO Assistant, Nice. DDS, Dip. Orthodontics (Toulouse III, Anthropobiology)
3 Neuroradiologist (Pasteur Clinic, Toulouse)
4 Research and Development Department, Carestream Health Rochester NY 14608 USA
Address for correspondence: Jacques Faure 10, place Lannes – 32021 Auch – France email@example.com
Accepted: 30 May 2016
Orthodontists today work more and more in a three-dimensional (3D) universe with cone-beam examinations occurring more frequently, now supplemented by digital prints and 3D portraits.
So far these documents are used primarily as esthetic imagery; superimposition techniques, issued from geometric morphometrics, allow a pseudoquantified approach.
The implementation of true cephalic biometrics requires consideration of the complete craniofacial set at different anatomical levels (alveolodental/basic bone/frame or overall architecture) and in three dimensions. It must lead to a quantified description of the anatomy, dysmorphism, and the necessary therapy to correct it.
A parametric approach is needed to choose the landmarking, the definition of the orthogonal reference, the definition, and selection of parameters.
Given the number of parameters required for a description without fault, the use of a simple tool with artificial intelligence is inevitable.
Key words: 3D cephalometry / 3D biometrics / dental landmarks / bone markers / choice of parameters / artificial intelligence
© The authors
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