J Dentofacial Anom Orthod
Volume 18, Number 3, 2015OSAHS of the child
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||14 December 2018|
Tonsillectomy – Orthodontics: Which sequences in children?
Odontology Teaching and Research Unit, Paris-Diderot University – Orthodontics-Odontology Functional Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, Paris, France
2 Odontology Teaching and Research Unit, Paris-Diderot University – Child and Adolescent Treatment Functional Unit, Rothschild Hospital, Paris, France
3 Respiratory Function and Sleep Functional Exploration Unit, Trousseau Hospital, Paris, France
Address for correspondence: Pascal Garrec 20 Rue Maurice Arnoux – 92120 Montrouge, France firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 25 January 2015
The most common cause of childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Aside from nocturnal symptoms, children with OSAS may present with lower school performance, behavioral disorder, cardiovascular complications and failure to thrive. First-line treatment is adenotonsillectomy; however, residual OSAS on postoperative polygraphy is reported in 20% to 40% of cases. In well-selected cases, orthodontic treatment can play an important role in the management of light to moderate childhood OSAS or residual OSAS after surgery, using growth activators or oral mandibular advancement appliances, rapid maxillary expansion and orofacial rehabilitation. Nevertheless, clinical studies with a high level of evidence of efficacy are lacking. To illustrate therapeutic sequences that may include an orthodontic phase, we present clinical cases encountered in our multidisciplinary outpatients clinic.
Key words: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome / children / treatment / orthodontics
© The authors
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.