How, why, and when was the edgewise appliance born?
Address for correspondence: J. PHILIPPE 1 bis, rue des Vieux Rapporteurs, 28000 Chartres. julien.philippe28@ wanadoo.fr
Angle corrected anterior crowding by advancing the crowns of the incisors. For a long time he hoped the apices would follow along spontaneously. Then because of the uncertainty of this reaction, he started his quest for an appliance that would be able to accomplish root movement. The first one was difficult for orthodontists to manipulate, the second did not incorporate vertical control, but the third had all the qualities Angle was looking for. He died satisfied.
Key words: Bracket / Movement of the apex / Edgewise / Orthodontic mechanics / Ribbon-Arch
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